RFP #3: Sustainable Created Forested Wetlands

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Final Report to Piedmont Wetlands Research Program

This report supports establishment of an alternative woody ecological performance standard for forested compensatory mitigation sites based on analysis of planted and naturally colonizing woody vegetation from 17 created/restored forested wetland mitigation sites (ages 2 to 22 years).

Development of Woody Ecological Performance Standards for Created/Restored Forested Wetlands
Herman W. Hudson III² and James E. Perry²
August 2018

Appendix A: Sampling Protocol and Supporting Literature Review

Recommendations for 2017 MBI Template Revisions for Vegetation Sampling Protocol
Douglas A. DeBerry³, PhD, PWS, PWD

Vegetation Sampling on Compensatory Mitigation Sites (Literature Review)
Douglas A. DeBerry³, PhD, PWS, PWD


Annual Reports to the Piedmont Wetlands Research Program:

Assessment of Woody Vegetation for Replacement of Ecological Functions in Created Forested Wetlands of the Piedmont Province of Virginia

These reports provide 7 years of survival, morphological, and biomass data for more than 4,000 trees planted in hydrologically distinct experimental cells and wetland mitigation banks. Planting material recommendations and support for the development of an alternative woody ecological performance standard for compensatory mitigation sites are presented.

2015 Annual Report - year 7 data (report finalized in 2016)
Herman W. Hudson III², Eli Wright¹, Robert B. Atkinson¹, and James E. Perry²

2014 Annual Report - year 6 data 
Herman W. Hudson III², Eli Wright¹, Robert B. Atkinson¹, and James E. Perry²

2013 Annual Report - year 5 data 
Herman W. Hudson III², Mellony Seidel¹, Robert B. Atkinson¹, and James E. Perry²

2012 Annual Report - year 4 data 
Herman W. Hudson III², James E. Perry², Jackie Roquemore¹, and Robert B. Atkinson¹

2011 Annual Report - year 3 data
Herman W. Hudson III², James E. Perry², Jackie Roquemore¹, and Robert B. Atkinson¹

2010 Annual Report - year 2 data
James E. Perry², Robert B. Atkinson¹, Herman W. Hudson III², Jess Campo¹, Jackie Roquemore¹, Sean Charles², and Chris Hauser²

2008-2009 Annual Report - year 1 data
James E. Perry², Lori Sutter², Herman W. Hudson III¹, Robert Atkinson¹, Christian Hauser², and Sean Charles²

STUDENTS SUPPORTED BY RFP #3


Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Herman W. Hudson III, Ph.D. awarded 2016 (dissertation)

Christopher Newport University
Shawn James Wurst, M.S. awarded 2014 (thesis)
Daniel Jonathan David Wright, M.S. awarded 2015 (thesis)
Mellony Seidel, M.S. awarded 2015 (thesis)
Autumn Kendall Tilghman, M.S. awarded 2017 (thesis)

Publications

Survival and growth of seven tree species from three stocktypes planted in created wetlands in Loudoun County, Virginia
Jacqueline D. Roquemore¹, Herman W. Hudson III², Robert B. Atkinson¹, and James E. Perry²
Ecological Engineering 64 (2014): 408-414


Posters, Abstracts, and Manuscripts

Phosphorus content in Juncus effusus and growth of planted saplings in created wetlands in Virginia (poster)
Hannah R. Leich¹, Autumn K. Tilghman¹, and Robert B. Atkinson¹
May 2016, Virginia Academy of Sciences Annual Meeting

Scirpus cyperinus tissue elemental nutrient concentrations and growth of saplings within created wetlands of Virginia (abstract)
Autumn Tilghman¹ and Robert B. Atkinson¹
2016, Virginia Association of Wetland Professionals meeting

Survival of 21 Tree Species and Planting Type Combinations in Created Wetlands in Loudoun County, VA: A 6-year Study (poster)
Robert Atkinson, PhD¹, Brittany Bowen¹, Kristina Kowalski¹, and Eli Wright¹
May 2015, Annual Meeting of the Society of Wetland Scientists

Woody biomass development of seven Mid-Atlantic wetland species (unpublished manuscript)
Herman W. Hudson III² and James E. Perry²
2014

Survival and growth of seven tree species from three stocktypes planted in created wetlands in Loudoun County, Virginia (poster)
Herman W. Hudson III², Jacqueline D. Roquemore¹, Robert B. Atkinson¹, and James E. Perry²
2014

Survival and growth of seven tree species from three stocktypes planted in created wetlands in Loudoun County, Virginia (poster)
Mellony Seidel¹, Jacqueline D. Roquemore¹, and Robert B. Atkinson¹
2014

Effect of Soil Variables on an Alternative Method for Measuring Hydrology in Created Wetlands (abstract)
James Priebe¹, Shawn Wurst¹, and Robert Atkinson, PhD¹

Two year survival and growth of seven wetland tree species in three hydrologically distinct habitats (poster)
Herman W. Hudson III² and James E. Perry²
June 2012, 9th Annual INTECOL/SWS International Wetlands Conference

Survival and growth of seven tree species from three stocktypes planted in created wetlands in Loudoun County, Virginia (abstract)
Seidel, M.¹, J. Roquemore¹, and R. B. Atkinson¹
2012

A characterization of soils in created wetlands in Loudoun County, Virginia (abstract)
Wurst, S.¹ and R.B. Atkinson¹

Growth and survival of woody wetland vascular plants: a large scale mesocosm study (poster)
Herman W. Hudson III² and Jim E. Perry²
2011, Virginia Association of Wetland Professionals meeting

Tree survival and growth in created wetland mitigation sites in Virginia (poster)
Robert Atkinson¹, Herman W. Hudson III¹, James E. Perry²
April 2010, Association of Southeastern Biologists Annual Meeting


Presentations

2017

Development of forested wetland ecological functions in a hydrologically controlled field experiment in Virginia, USA
Herman W. Hudson III (Wes), PhD, PWS² and Jim Perry, PhD, PWS²
(CNU Wetland Ecology, November 9)

Development of woody ecological performance standards for created/restored forested wetlands
Wes Hudson², Robert Atkinson¹, Jim Perry²
(York/Poquoson Master Gardeners, March 14)

Development of new ecological performance standards for forested compensatory wetlands
Herman W. Hudson III (Wes), PhD, PWS² and Jim Perry, PhD, PWS²
(Mid-Atlantic Stream Restoration Conference, September 21)

2016

Development of forested wetland ecological functions in a hydrologically controlled field experiment in Virginia, USA
Herman W. Hudson III²

Development of woody ecological performance standards for created/restored forested wetlands
Wes Hudson², Robert Atkinson¹, Jim Perry²

Development of forested wetland ecological functions in a hydrologically controlled field experiment in Virginia, USA
Wes Hudson, PhD² and Jim Perry, PhD²

Replacement of ecological functions in created forested wetlands in the piedmont and upper Coastal Plain of Virginia
Wes Hudson², Eli Wright¹, Jim Perry, PhD², and Robert Atkinson, PhD¹

2015

Sapling response to beaver predation in a created forested wetland in Loudoun County, VA
Bridget Gerovac¹, Eli Wright¹, and Robert Atkinson, PhD¹

Response of wetland woody species to planting method and soil wetness
Jim Perry, PhD², Robert Atkinson, PhD¹, Wes Hudson², and Eli Wright1

Restoring woody biomass and carbon storage through tree planting under varying hydrologic regimes
J.E. Perry² and H.W. Hudson²
(SWS SAC Annual Meeting, October 26)

Restoring woody biomass and carbon storage through tree planting under varying hydrologic regimes
Wes Hudson² and Jim Perry²
(Society for Ecological Restoration, 6th World Conference)

Determining sapling woody biomass and carbon content for forested wetland restoration
Wes Hudson² and Jim Perry, PhD²
(Society for Wetland Scientists Annual Meeting)

Forested wetland restoration: development of structure, biomass and carbon storage through tree planting
Wes Hudson² and Jim Perry, PhD²
(Virginia Master Naturalist, Peninsula Chapter meeting, August 11)

Forested wetland restoration: development of structure, biomass and carbon storage through tree planting
Wes Hudson² and Jim Perry, PhD²
(Friends of Dragon Run general meeting, May 13)

2014

Environmental variables that affect tree survival of seven tree species and three stocktypes within created wetlands in Loudoun County, VA
Mellony Seidel¹

Improving forested wetland restoration: survival and growth of 2,772 trees over five years
Wes Hudson² and Jim Perry, PhD²
(Virginia Association of Wetland Professionals’ Spring Meeting)

2013

Analyzing soil parameters to enhance tree growth and design plans for created wetlands in the Piedmont Province
Shawn Wurst¹, Jackie Roquemore¹, Greg Noe⁴, Rob Atkinson¹
(WSSI/PFF Mitigation Banking Research Symposium, March 13)

Development of wetland structure and ecological functions in created palustrine forested wetlands: A large scale field experiment in Virginia, USA
H.W. Hudson III², S. Charles², and J.E. Perry²
(WSSI/PFF Mitigation Banking Research Symposium, March 13)

Restoration of forested wetland structure and function through tree planting: a large scale field experiment in Virginia
Herman W. Hudson III (Wes)² and James E. Perry²
(Society of Wetland Scientists Annual Meeting 2013)

Development of wetland structure, functions and services through tree planting: a large scale field experiment in Virginia, USA
Wes Hudson²
(VIMS Spring Biological Science Seminar)

2011

Tree survival and growth in created wetland mitigation sites in Virginia: a field validation study
Wurst, S.J.¹, J.D. Roquemore¹, H.W. Hudson, III², J.M. Campo¹, and R.B. Atkinson¹

Modeling growth rates of woody wetland plants common to the Piedmont region of the Mid-Atlantic States
Herman W. Hudson III², Sean P. Charles², James E. Perry², and Robert B. Atkinson¹

Growth and Survival of seven wetland tree species in three hydrologically distinct habitats
Herman W. Hudson III² and James E. Perry²


¹ Center for Wetland Conservation, Christopher Newport University
² Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William & Mary
³ College of William & Mary
⁴ U.S. Geological Survey